PT Bintan Power Plant

BINTAN POWER PLANT

 

Bintan Island or Negeri Segantang Lada is an island in the Riau archipelago of Indonesia. It is part of the Riau Islands province, the capital of which, Tanjung Pinang, lies in the island’s south and is the island’s main community. Bintan’s land area is 2,402.28 square kilometres (927.53 sq mi) (total area is 60,057 square kilometres (23,188 sq mi) including 96% sea area). Its administrative region is designated the Bintan Island Regency, one of the six administrative regions of the Riau Islands province.

The city of Tanjung Pinang is an autonomous area within the Bintan Island. Singapore, the closest major city, is a 45-50 minute trip by motorised catamaran across the Singapore Strait from Bintan Resort area in the northwest of the island.

The island has beaches with beach-front International hotels and resorts; the most prominent of these beaches is the Bintan Resorts set over an area of 300 hectares (740 acres) of tropical environment. The archipelago of the Riau islands is right opposite to this resort across the South China Sea. Indonesia is promoting Bintan as the next best tourist destination after Bali.

The economy of Bintan island is centred on tourism, given its close proximity to Singapore. In the year 1990, according to a Presidential Decree (25 July 1990), a coordinating team was set up for the Riau Province Development with the mandate to plan and develop development projects within the framework of Indonesia-Singapore cooperation. Investment plans, similar to that of Batam, were evolved with basic intention to provide leisure space to Singaporeans on the white beaches of Bintan and this approach also conformed to the Indonesian Policy of declaring the 1990s as the “decade of Visit Indonesia”.

In 1991, Bintan Management Resort for establishing a resort with intent to develop resorts, industrial parks and water projects was planned. In December 1994, partial opening of Bintan Resort Development was agreed under a Memorandum of Understanding signed by trade ministers of Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia. As per the Master Plan prepared for Bintan, the emphasis was on tourism, industrial projects and agricultural products, all under private-sector initiative, involving formation of a consortium of the Singapore Technologies Industrial Corporation, Wah Chang International (whose specialisation is development of resorts), the Keppel group and the local banks.

Thus, the once wild and deserted Bintan island has now become an industrial “hinterland” for Singapore and a special investment zone for world industrial companies, also attracting thousands of workers from the entire country.

This industrial estate agreement is in partnership with Batamlndo Industrial Park. The Bintan industrial estate has been allotted 4,000 hectares (9,900 acres) and is designed as a “One-stop investment centre” providing all services essential for the investing companies to devote exclusively towards production. It targets industries such as textiles, garments and wood processing, unlike the Batam industrial estates. This functions as a supplement to Singapore’s economy by way of manufacturing low value goods here.

Earlier, Singapore’s Batam Industrial Park had signed an agreement with Indonesia to lease its northern coast and develop it into a resort (“Bintan Resort”) for Singaporeans. An area of 23,000 hectares (57,000 acres) had been allocated to this project, which was further divided to 20–30 projects – 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres) for hotels and resorts and sports facilities. Further, the Bintan Lagoon and Beach Resorts, designed exclusively for wealthy tourists, have been planned with “two 18-hole championship golf courses with superlative accommodation”.

This resort area has an exclusive approach from Singapore that bypasses the capital city. It has modern facilities of museums, handicraft shops, artists’ villages and other eco-tourism related attractions. The agribusiness venture planned under the Master Plan for Bintan envisages pig rearing for export to Singapore and seafood processing plants. Fishery cultivation of grouper fish, Napoleon, kakap and Bream are also planned in the island.

Under the industrial sector, the identified fields for development are mining of Bauxite (Bauxite reserve is 15.88 million tons), kaolin, granite, white sand and tin. The government of Indonesia has also planned the petroleum industry with its subsidiary industry of manufacture of plastics in Bintan.

Bintan Eco-Tourism Venture Project has been launched to generate better income avenues for the low-income families. The eco-tourism destinations identified are all within approachable distances that could be covered in about 30 to 90 minutes from the starting point by car. Village handicrafts made from the local pandanus plants are a popular attraction during the eco-tour to villages in Bintan.

Private operators are meanwhile succeeding in putting Bintan on the world map for Eco-tourism, with both Nikoi and LooLa Adventure Resort being amongst the four finalists of WildAsia’s highly respected 2012 award for “Asia’s most inspiring responsible tourism operators”, which LooLa went on to win.

LooLa furthermore is one of three finalists in the 2013 WTTC’s “Tourism for tomorrow, community benefits” awards. The Integrated resort management is highly dependent on the International tourism industry.Tourist footfalls, as recorded till 2004, have been reported to be on the increase.

Thus, the massive and ambitious economic development plan envisaging “10 golf courses, 20 hotels, 10 condominiums, three village clusters, a township, several marine and eco-tourism attractions” launched in 1995 with a gestation period of 20 years, was according to the leisure industry analyst of Singapore: “Bintan has better prospects because of the people behind its development. They are big names that will have to maintain their reputation.

In 2010, 300,000 tourists visited Bintan Island and most of them came from Singapore, Korea and Japan. 75 percent of foreign tourists came by ferry from Singapore, while domestic tourists mainly came by airplanes. A new airport is planned to be built at Lobam industrial area to accommodate Boeing 737s and Airbus 320s for one million tourists predicted to come in 2015.The new airport is 35 minutes from Bintan Resort, whereas the current Tanjung Pinang airport is 90 minutes away.